The “Black Rain” – A Re-assessment on the Dropping of “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” on Japan, pp. 8 of 8


[i] In 1989, the novel was made into a movie of the same name by director Shohei Imamura. Black rain generally refers to two atmospheric events: a nuclear fallout and rain polluted with dark particulates such as rain dust.

[ii] In my view, to enjoy teaching History and for the students to see the “big picture”, History teachers should “teach beyond the textbook”. It is often argued by the teachers that the students are already finding it heavy going with the textbook. Another common argument is that the extra information is not examinable. Hence, for some teachers, teaching history is all about the textbook - what I called “Textbook History”. No wonder many pupils find learning History uninspiring and boring.

[iii] It is useful to inform our pupils that of primary importance to the economic survival of post-war Singapore was the role of Japan. In the early 1960s, our leaders courted Japan to help Singapore achieve an economic “take-off” but the plan was thwarted by the Chinese Chamber of Commerce demands for compensation for the massacre of Chinese committed during the war. A skilful manipulation of events and sentiments by the then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew ensured that not only the Chinese community led by the Chinese Chamber of Commerce pacified, but that Singapore was able to continue to enjoy Japanese investment into the country.

[iv] The phrase "flying geese pattern of development" was coined originally by Kaname Akamatsu in 1930s articles in Japanese. The late Saburo Okita (1914-1993), well-known Japanese economist and a foreign minister in the 1980s, greatly contributed to introducing the FG pattern of development to the wider audiences including the political and business world. Thus, the regional transmission of FG industrialization, driven by the catching-up process through diversification/rationalization of industries, has become famous as an engine of Asian economic growth.

[v] The resilience of the Japanese was demonstrated to the world after the disaster of the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of 11 March 2011.

[vi] President Truman did explore the thought of using the atomic bomb to end the Korean War after the US Forces suffered heavy defeats (especially in the Battle of Chosin Reservoir) in the hands of the Red Army as attempted to occupy North Koreas right up to the Yalu River bordering China in November 1950.

An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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